Garnet Walters

Pianist Educator Producer Composer Arranger

The Official Website of Garnet Walters and Geephlat Music
 

Filtering by Tag: technique

Jazz Deck

static.squarespace So I was having a conversation with a good friend of mine the other day, who is also a great guitar player, about music and music theory. He showed me a deck of cards. At first glance, they looked like UNO cards. (Those Draw 4's have ruined many friendships... HA HA HA) He went on to explain that the cards were called the "Jazz Deck". In a nutshell, the card has a specific chord on it and it tells you what you can play, what would sound better, and what is related to it depending on the musical context and situation. What is interesting about the Jazz Deck is that is was created and developed by a trumpet player. Trumpet players as well as other single line instruments cannot play chords like a piano or any other polyphonic instrument because they are single line instruments. However, single line instruments (or monophonic instruments) spell out chords as lines so this is like a tutorial in linear harmony. This is helpful for horns and chordal instruments and user-friendly for the beginner to the advanced musician. The Jazz Deck even covers modes!! Keep in mind that with all of this information, you must have an imagination to take the concept of what is given farther or else you will not experience the full capability of what the Jazz Deck can do. I believe that the Jazz Deck is a great beginning to developing jazz vocabulary. You can check it out and order it at this website: http://www.jazzdeck.com

Feel free to leave comments!!

The FASTEST way to play Jazz improvisation

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Thank You Harmonic Minor Scale!!

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I remember as a young student how much I hated the harmonic minor scale. Why? It was that skip from the flat 6 (b6) to the major seventh (M7). I loved the sound of it but my fingers wanted to boycott that interval jump at the end. In some keys, (primarily C, D, E, F, G, A and B) the fingering was pretty straight forward and manageable. When it came to the black keys, my fingers were tangled up in knots because the fingerings were completely different. With slow practice and a lot of patience, I managed to get the scales down into all the keys.

Fast forward to 2014. I was practicing the B flat (Bb) Harmonic minor scale and the fingering that I was using felt strange. I was using the fingering that I had used as a child but something felt off. I slowed down and examined what I was doing. I was taught to start with my 2nd finger in both hands and I remembered that clearly but something still didn't feel right. I decided to go read the fingering from the Hanon book and I was right. 2nd finger on the left and right hand on the Bb. I check out another book to make sure that the fingerings were correct and to my surprise, the fingerings were different. The right hand started with the 4th finger on the Bb and the left hand started on the 2nd finger on the Bb. I tried it out slowly and I felt comfortable. No awkwardness at all! What I learned was the key to playing this scale as well as others was contingent on where the 4th finger lands.

My ring finger surely had a work out that day but I immediately saw the benefits. Usually the ring finger is the weakest finger but the harmonic minor scale kept it accountable and honest. When I started to play my other scales and lines, my ring finger kept up! So not only did I learn a new fingering, my ring finger got stronger because of it! That skip was an excercise in itself!

It's a good thing to check out alternate fingering for scales and other musical ideas. Everyone does not have the same hand or finger shape so that also needs to be considered. Experiment weird fingerings when playing scales or when you are soloing. Experiment with different fingerings when you are learning music as well. The composer may have put that fingering there for a reason. Maybe it will work for you, maybe it won't. Don't be afraid to try it out.

With that being said, I would like to thank the harmonic minor scale and its counterpart the harmonic major scale for teaching me this valuable lesson. I will never forget this!!

Feel free to comment!!

My Library

I love to read. I read because it appeals to my imagination and it feeds my mind. I love learning and experimenting with ideas and concepts musically. Here are some books to check out that can help in one's musical development! The+Musician's+Way-+A+Guide+to+Practice,+Performance,+and+Wellness+[Hardcover]+_0195343123_400

This book by Gerald Klickstein is a book that covers everything from how to practice to preventing injury to even the psyche of the musician. I shored up my practice habits reading this book. It reinforced practice habits that I had learned as a child. "The Musician's Way" is a great read!! You can follow him on Twitter @klickstein. He also has a website: http://www.musiciansway.com. The book is available in major bookstores and available for Kindle and iBooks.

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"The Practice of Practice" is an awesome book to have. The author, Jonathan Harnum brings a wealth of knowledge and wisdom in the art of practicing. There are definitely many eye-opening revelations in this book. He gets into the minds of many great musicians and the concepts that are revealed are astounding. This book is available at Amazon.com and is available for Kindle. Jonathan Harnum's website is http://thepracticeofpractice.com. You can also follow him on Twitter: @PracticeTactics.

These are two of many books that I have in my library. There are more books that I would love to share. If this is helpful to you, please let me know!! Enjoy!!

Shrugs...

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I remember practicing the piano one day and I realized something. When I really wanted to execute a musical idea, I would raise my shoulders. I would think that by doing this, the musical idea would magically be played. Wrong.

Raising my shoulders was more of a hindrance than an aid in my playing. I couldn't execute whatever I was playing because I was unknowingly creating unneeded tension from raising my shoulders. From the audience's perspective, they feel that I am really "into the music" or I'm trying to "sell the song" to them. From my side of things, my ideas are not coming out as clean as I would like.

So how did I remedy this situation. Well, I had to practice slowly. Very slowly because I needed to know when I would do it. Crazy enough, my shoulders would rise up like I was being controlled by a puppet master. Once I recognized this, I put my shoulders down and "reset" and started over. I started again and sure enough it happened again. I raised my shoulders. So, I had to reset again. All of this information by practicing slowly. After a while, I had "cut the strings" and I was free...for the moment. The lesson that I learned from this experience is to relax. I had to think of my body as a garden hose. A garden hose is connected to a pipe and water flows through it freely. When there is a twist in the hose, water does not flow freely and little to no water may come out. So raising my shoulders was the equivalent to twisting a garden hose. Energy was not flowing properly because it was twisted up in my shoulders. Now not only am I very conscious about what I am playing, I am conscious about the state of my body as well!

Any thoughts? Feel free to let me know what you think! <a

June 5th...

261874_764053643674_1427594025_n Hi everyone! I was thinking about how many musicians would like to get lessons and improve the strength of their fingers. I know that piano lessons with a teacher can be costly. So with that in mind, as of June 5th, 2014, I will be selling piano exercises that have audio and the corresponding MIDI files on my new website, garnetwaltersmusic.squarespace.com. Pricing and other information will be on the site as well. Just click on "store" to access the exercises!

Piano Technique

Dumbbells How does one play more fluently? How does one play with such clarity? It has to be piano technique!! When she plays, it looks flawless and effortless. I often thought and asked those questions when I was younger. The answers that I got were to "Practice your scales" and "Do a lot of Hanon exercises". They helped in a way in terms of finger strength and durability but as I got older I wanted to understand how they translated into real music.

One day I met a classical pianist named Orett Rhoden at Carnegie Hall. He was very inspiring. After the concert I had a chance to talk to him and ask a few questions, one of the questions being...Yep you guessed it (or maybe you didn't...I won't judge you...LMBO) "How do I improve my technique? Should I use Hanon?" To my surprise he said, "Hanon? No way. Use the Chopin Etudes." I was very excited that I went to the store the next day to by the Chopin Etudes. I started on the first one and I was very impatient. (By this time, I wasn't taking formal classical lessons and I was doing more jazz stuff). Despite how I felt, I learned something: Every piece or song that is learned has a specific technical challenge. The thing is as a musician, I don't play music because I want to show off that I have learned and conquered a technical challenge. I play music to play music and express myself through it. Etudes covered the bases in that not only was I learning great music, I was getting stronger and developed more dexterity and flexibility.

Another thing that I have learned about technique is that it seems like it is taught in a cookie cutter fashion like a one size fits all type of deal. However, everyone's hands and fingers are not the same size and shape. I have sizable hands and slim fingers. I can reach a major tenth effortlessly with both hands. Some folks have bigger hands, some have shorter fingers. Yes there are common threads in terms of technique with how the hand works but it won't work for everyone. I'm not saying that scales are not important. They are foundational since music comes from scale. There are some things that are important in technique such as having maximum relaxation and maximum control. When those concepts are deeply rooted in our musical makeup, how do we move on from the elementary stages and begin to make and enjoy music?

I used to think that technique primarily a physical thing. This belief changed as I learned that technique is starts in the mind. Technique is the means to an end, which is to make good music. A musician can play a piece technically flawless but there is no emotion. Bill Evans said it best:

"Technique is the ability to translate your ideas into sound through your instrument. This is a comprehensive technique...a feeling for the keyboard that will allow you to transfer any emotional utterance into it. What has to happen is that you develop a comprehensive technique and then say, Forget that. I’m just going to be expressive through the piano."

So technique starts in the mind and comes out physically and audibly. It requires a lot of patience. Impatience will do more harm than good in learning music.

I guess when a musician is trying to strengthen their fingers, there are exercises that are made for that. It's a start but it shouldn't be the end. It is a foundational tool that should be applied to something for it to be useful. How does a person get better at math? Is it by playing chess? No. It's by studying and learning math. How does a person get better at Chopin? Is it by learning Hanon? No. It's by learning and practicing Chopin. Every musical situation is different so the one size fits all approach will not suffice.

So in closing, I learned:

1. Technique starts in the mind and comes out physically and audibly.

2. Technique requires a lot of patience. Impatience will do more harm than good in learning music.

3. If I want to learn a specific thing musically, learn that thing.

4. Etudes are great to learn not only because of the technical challenge. It's because it's musical and enjoyable to listen to.

5. The piano is not a gym. It's a musical instrument.

6. Most importantly, technique is not the end. Technique is the means to the goal and the goal is to make great music.

Please share your thoughts. I'm really interested in the point of views of others. I love to learn!

"The moment you stop being a student, you become a critic. Never stop learning." - Unknown

Developing Musical Vocabulary

201405Cover Hi everyone!  I hope you are well today!  I read a very interesting article in the May 2014 issue of Downbeat Magazine called "Melodic Study, Deep Listening and the Importance of Context" by Branford Marsalis.  He was talking about his journey as a young musician studying licks from John Coltrane records, just trying to get what he could.  Art Blakey asked him "When Coltrane was a young player, what do you think he listened to, tapes of him in the future?"  Once Branford heard this, he was flummoxed.  (So was I!)  Branford states that "he had to accept the idea that Coltrane and his contemporaries didn't develop their originality by rejecting the music that came before them, but by embracing it."

I can relate to this because when I was younger, I wanted to play all of the cool stuff AND was a big music theory buff on top of that.  I can tell you the musical modes and the science behind what I was playing.  It was good, but I felt limited. Music theory is important and being musically current is important as well, but what good is it if one does not know who and what came before? Context is the key in all of this. I'm really grateful for websites like www.allmusic.com and www.digitaldreamdoor.com because they show the "family tree" of musicians. I can find out who Keith Jarrett was influenced by because of these websites.

Another thing that I picked up was that in order to pick up musical vocabulary, you MUST listen to music. Music is a language and the fastest way to pick up a language is to listen. Anyone can pick up a book of licks and lines (I'm not saying those books are bad.), but it's through actively listening that one can improve at a faster rate. Learning lines, chord progressions, melodies, arrangements, etc thtough through listening intentionally will be held more dearly because it will be more personal.

Listening to the music is an awesome journey because there is always something to listen to. I'm not saying that music theory doesn't have it's place. Music theory plays a part, but as Claude Debussy says, "Art creates theory. Theory does not create art."

Check out Branford Marsalis' article in the May 2014 issue of Downbeat. Also check out www.allmusic.com and www.digitaldreamdoor.com. These are some great resources!! Enjoy and feel free to comment!

The Elasticity of Music

Hi there! I hope you are well today. I was reading a book by Ron Gorow called "Hearing And Writing Music". The premise of the book is recognizing intervals as quickly as your eyes recognizes colors. Musical intervals (2nds, 3rds, etc...) make up music and our ears can tell what they are. A point in the book that struck me was that no matter what key a song is played or sung in, the intervals in the song are still the same. (Try singing "Happy Birthday in different keys). With this point I began to think: Changing pitch is one thing. What about changing the tempo? Let's use the "Happy Birthday" song since it's easy. If you sing it fast, the song is still the same but it will be shorter. If you sing it slower, the song will take more time. Even if you were to hear that song on a 33 rpm setting on a record player, it would in the original tempo and key. What would happen if you changed the setting to 45 rpm? The pitch would be a lot higher and the tempo would be exponentially faster to the point where it would be a blur. The point would still stand that the harmonic and melodic intervals would still be intact. So with that discovery, I decided to experiment with the elasticity in my practicing.

Generally when I am learning a new tune, I practice it slowly. After a while, I pick up the tempo gradually. Then after that, depending on the original tempo of the song, I practice it as a ballad and as a supersonic technique piece. I do this for the sake of how the song feels.

I use elasticity when I am working on trouble spots in music that I am working on. I extract the spot, slow it down until it can not be recognized. When I have it under control, I begin to raise the tempo until I am comfortable. That is the elasticity of music.

Think about it...when you stretch a rubber band, the contents of the rubber band is still the same. After stretching it, it goes back to its original state. You can compress a rubber band into a ball and it will go back into its original state. Musical elasticity is a wonderful tool that I have used to help me learn at a more efficient rate. Give it try! I would love to hear your input!